Wörterbuch (en): Iron
A chemical element in the periodic table of elements with symbol Fe and atomic number 26. It is a metal of the 4th period in the 8th subgroup of the periodic table. Iron is technically very important for the production of steel. Steels are alloys of iron, which are formed by mixing (alloying) with other metals and also non-metals (especially carbon). Iron is the most widely used metal in the world, accounting for 95 percent by weight of metals used. The reason for this lies in its wide availability, which makes it quite inexpensive, as well as in the excellent strength and toughness achieved when alloys with other metals such as chromium, molybdenum and nickel are used, which makes it a basic material for many areas of technology. It is used in the manufacture of land vehicles, ships and in the entire construction sector (reinforced concrete).